For most people, having a “beautiful smile” is the most obvious benefit of orthodontics. However, having a “healthy smile” is just as important. Crooked and crowded teeth can be most unattractive, but being crooked can lead to cavities, gum disease, and tooth loss. Having a large overbite takes away from facial beauty, but can also prevent a person from chewing properly and lead to early tooth wear.
An orthodontist is a dentist who specializes in diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of teeth and jaw position irregularities. To become an orthodontist, a dentist must successfully complete an additional three-year, full-time, advanced education program in orthodontics approved by the Canadian and American Dental Associations. These graduate programs are found in universities and generally accept only three or four people out of roughly 150 applications each year. In order to be licensed as an orthodontist by the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario, the specialist must demonstrate a knowledge, expertise, and proficiency in providing consistent, high-quality orthodontic care.